Jurnal Paradigma https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma Jurnal Paradigma LP3M Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Ma'arif Magetan en-US Jurnal Paradigma 2406-9787 UNDERSTANDING THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ISLAMIC EDUCATION https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/122 <p>The nature of childrenhas been always an interesting phenomenon in human life in various societies from ancient times to modern times, therefore children have been tried to be understood both physically and spiritually, both by the general public and experts in various fields. Psychologists have tried to investigate the nature of children; in line with that, this paper attempts to conduct a research on the basic concepts of early childhood education in Islamic education. This study tries to uncover the basics of early childhood education according to the concept of Islamic teachings, however it does not rule out the opinions of experts in the field of early childhood education. Based on the analysis of the research, it can be concluded that: psychologists in understanding the nature of children and their development gave rise to 4 theories, those are: <em>nativist, naturalist, empirical </em>and<em> convergent</em>, each of which had an impact on the world of education, especially early childhood education. Early childhood needs attention in growth and development; and basically, there are 6 aspects which, if those are implemented in the learning process, require an understanding of basic competencies for early childhood education. Islam places early childhood as something very crucial, so that early childhood education must receive adequate attention and it can beunderstood that with the rights of early childhood according to Islamic education.</p> Sulhan Hamid A. Ghani Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Paradigma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 12 01 10.53961/jurnalparadigma.v12n01.01 Learning Management and School Discipline in Improving Student Achievement https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/109 <p>Abstract</p> <p>Learning management has a very important role for the world of education because from there, the process of managing educational institutions with educational components and all related matters to achieve the goals that have been set effectively and efficiently, of course all cannot be separated from the role of discipline, the notion of discipline. according to Tulus Tu'us is orderly obedience or controlling behavior, self-control, self-control, so here with discipline through the learning process can improve student achievement through several factors such as intelligence, talent, interest and attention, motive factors, learning methods, family environment and school.</p> Hernik Khoirun Nisak Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Paradigma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 12 01 56 65 10.53961/jurnalparadigma.v12n01.02 KNOWLEDGE, SCIENCE IN PHILOSOPHY AND ISLAM https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/110 <p>To know and understand about knowledge, science in philosophy and Islam, the author deliberately raised the theme in writing this work in order to provide scientific research for writers and society in general. Knowledge as the initial process of knowledge exists. The process of science is included in the study of philosophical epistemology.</p> <p>Islam is a religion whose teachings are revealed by God to human society through the Prophet Muhammad SAW, as an Apostle in which he brings teachings that do not recognize one aspect, but various aspects of life, because in these teachings it involves issues of aqidah, shari'ah and morals. sourced from the Qur'an and Hadith.</p> <p>People who have knowledge and practice knowledge are called scientists. In Islam, this knowledge should be based on faith and piety because if in seeking knowledge it is not based on faith and piety, then the knowledge that we get will not produce knowledge that will benefit mankind and the universe.</p> Samuji Samuji Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Paradigma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 12 01 66 87 10.53961/jurnalparadigma.v12n01.03 Aplication of SOLE (Self Organized Learning Environments) in Developing Students Self Confidence https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/117 <p>The aim from this study is to improve English skills mastery of students by applying the SOLE (Self Organized Learning Environment) learning model. The study conducted qualitative research by case study type. The research result showing the improvement of students self-confidence in explaining their idea towards other students, after getting the stimulus of challenging question from the teacher.</p> arum putri rahayu Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Paradigma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 12 01 88 106 10.53961/jurnalparadigma.v12n01.04 THE ROLE OF PARENTS IN HELPING CHILDREN TO LEARN ONLINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/112 <p>The covid 19 pandemic has led to the issuance of rules for studying from home for school children and working from home for teachers. The current situation demands maximum involvementof parents and restore the nature of children’s education in the family. The role of parents in guilding children is very much, parents not only function as the firdt and foremost place for children’s education in shaping character but now have an additional role as second teachers for children in learning at home. Accompanying children when studying is something that is very important for children, namely to build closeness between parents and children, especially when at home during this pandemic. One of its roles is to familiarize children to always study hard in the online learning process. Some ways that can be done by parents are supervising, paying attention to children in doing school assignments, providing anthuasasm and motivation for children in the learning process.</p> Ahmad Wahib Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Paradigma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 12 01 107 117 10.53961/jurnalparadigma.v12n01.05 THE CONCEPT OF TAUHID IN THE LAST SURAT IN THE TEXT OF THE QUR'AN https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/113 <p>In religion there is no such thing as belief, meaning that every believer with their ownl level of belief will practice that religion. The stronger their level of belief, the more diligent they are and the more obedient they are to their religion.</p> <p>Departing from there, Islam also teaches how to know the God who created it or as the Creator/ the Kholiq. This realm is often referred to as the lesson of monotheism.</p> <p>Tauhid is one of the ways in Islam to know more about his God in this case is the God of Allah SWT the one. Because a person knows his God better and closer to his God, a person who is closer to his God will be more diligent and more obidient to his religion. Someone who is obidient to his religion they will find peace and comfort in carrying put the teachings of his religion. And when a person has felt peace and comfort in carrying out the teachings of his religion they will always find a happines in this life and the here after.</p> <p>Tauhid in Islam there are several levels of this can be seen visually what is written in Surah An Naas, where it is mentioned and arranged in a letter order, namely the first surah is about Tauhid Rububiyah, the second surah is Tauhid Mulkiyah, and the Third surah is Tauhid Uluhiyah</p> Anam Besari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Paradigma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 12 01 118 137 10.53961/jurnalparadigma.v12n01.06 IMPLEMENTATION OF COLLAGE USE IN IMPROVING FINE MOTOR IN EARLY CHILDREN https://ejournal.staimmgt.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/116 <p><em>The teaching and learning process is a process that contains a series of actions by teachers and students on the basis of reciprocal relationships that take place in educational situations to achieve certain goals. Early Childhood Learning has a different way from adult learning such as: playing while learning, learning that is fun and interesting for children. fine motor development of learners should also increase at the age of four to five years. The coordination of eyes and hands is getting better, students can use fine motor skills with the help of adults such as: drawing, coloring, sticking, matching, writing, folding, and so on. In fine motoric development, the learning process that occurs is more about coloring activities. The activity of using natural collage materials will make students interested and excited in participating in learning and the fine motor skills of children will increase.</em></p> Khoirun Nisa Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Paradigma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 12 01 138 151 10.53961/jurnalparadigma.v12n01.07